If TY’s past medical history did not include a diagnosis of aortic stenosis as well as cardiac risk factors, what other causes are there for a heart murmur?

Posted: March 24th, 2022

Case Study # 2 – Murmur
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TY is a 67-year-old female patient who presents for follow-up for her hypertension and hyperlipidemia. Her PMH includes a diagnosis of aortic stenosis diagnosed 2 years ago, IBS, and a seizure disorder. Her family history includes her father, who died at age 55 years of a myocardial infarction and her mother, who is deceased, who had hypertension, diabetes, and coronary artery disease. Her social history is positive for smoking 1 PPD for 30 years; she quit 9 years ago. She is negative for alcohol and drug use. She lives in a two-bedroom condominium on one floor.
1. On examination, describe the murmur that you would hear for aortic stenosis.
2. Describe the cause of aortic stenosis. What is the cause for TY?
3. If TY’s past medical history did not include a diagnosis of aortic stenosis as well as cardiac risk factors, what other causes are there for a heart murmur?
4. If TY’s past medical history did not include a diagnosis of aortic stenosis as well as cardiac risk factors, describe a subaortic stenosis.

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